Forest is a vital part of Earth. It covers almost ⅓ rd of the world. Forest is a basic need of humans because plants produce oxygen necessary for life’s survival. Other than that the forest also produces wood, food, and many other products. Hence, the management of forests is mandatory because it adds up to survival.
Forest management is the branch of forestry that is basically a process to protect the plants and control the exploitation of forested land. Forest management uses the forest in such a way that it turns out to be the best for environmental, social, economic, and cultural objectives.
There are different types of Forest management and they help in different ways. In this article, we have found out the best practices of forest management. Read below to learn more about the importance of forest management, its types, and other information about this process.
Types Of Forest Management
There are different types of forest management. These are basically the practices that are followed to make better use of the Forest and its land. Sustainable forest management is a type of forest management that includes different techniques.
Sustainable Forest Management
Sustainable forest management is the type of forestry that involves different techniques and methods for the better production of the woodlands. Basically, the motive of sustainable forest management is to keep the results sustainable and maintain the socio-cultural, economic, and ecological objectives in balance. It works on these 3 main pillars.
Following are the practices or examples of sustainable forest management which are used:
- Timber Harvesting:
This type involves the process of harvesting timber. This involves the enhancement of the industrial, economic, and life quality of the woodland and wildlife. The following are the practices involved in timber harvesting:
- Burning the Mess:
Prescribed burning is the process by which the prescribed burning of a particular area is done to achieve the desired outcome. It is used for the better production of plants and other forest goods. As it enables the production of new and better crops, the risk of insect infestation is decreased at a greater level. Plants are produced in a better way. It also helps in the production of different kinds of trees as the production of such special plants is triggered after prescribed burning. This process should be done with strict rules and precautionary measures to protect wildlife.
As forest goods mainly the crop and plants are cultivated, cut down, and reforested again and again, it enables better production. It is an ongoing cycle. However, there are 2 types of reforestation or 2 ways by which this process can be done:
- Natural Reforestation:
Natural reforestation is the process in which the germination of plants occurs all by themselves. It is a natural process. As the conditions become suitable, the pollen grains of the different plants are fallen on the ground, resulting in the production of new baby plants.
- Artificial Reforestation:
Artificial reforestation is the type of reforestation by which the production of plants is done artificially. However, it is an expensive forest management technique but the results are worth the investment. The owner can choose what they want to produce, manage the distance between seedlings, and introduce new seeds or better enhancement techniques to the crop.
4. Timber Thinning:
Timber thinning is when the management cuts down the trees ( which are slower in growth) to enhance the production of other trees (which are faster in growth). It is natural that slow-growing trees die at a certain age and it affects the growth of better ones due to the coverage of the area. Hence, the timber thinning is done. This process also has two kinds:
Importance Of Forest Management
The importance of forest management is that it protects the plants or woodlands and wildlife in the forest. It maintains the health of the crops. The better production of the plants helps in better wildlife and better forest goods. Such as the wood from the forest is used in different industries, hence, better forest management, the better the wood production, the better would be the economic conditions. Plants produce oxygen so it is also beneficial to life on Earth. The main goal of the forest management is:
Forest management is the branch of forestry that helps in the better production of woodlands. Sustainable forest management is the type of forest management that keeps a main motive in demand which is the balance between sociocultural, economical, and ecological objectives. There are different examples of sustainable forest management: Selective logging, Prescribed burning, Timber Thinning, and many more.